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Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2016, Page: 30-38
Effect of Pressure and Hot Filament Cathode on Some Plasma Parameters of Hollow Anode Argon Glow Discharge Plasma
Sh. Kh. Al-Hakary, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Zakho, Duhok, Iraq
Received: Apr. 1, 2016;       Accepted: Apr. 25, 2016;       Published: May 23, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20160503.12      View  4921      Downloads  154
The present study represents a review article and a complementary study to a published paper of direct current hot cathode and hollow anode argon glow discharge plasma at different pressures in the range 0.05 - 0.8 mbar. The glow discharge usually obtained by applying a high voltage between the electrodes sufficient to occurring breakdown of argon gas and sustaining the discharge. Additional estimation of some plasma parameters, ion temperature, degree of ionization and electron energy distribution function as well as some characteristics of glow discharge under the influence of pressure and filament current has been done. Plasma parameters have been calculated using single probe method at fixed discharge current Id=1.88mA and diameter of hollow anode. Furthermore a computer MATLAB program is applied for this purpose. Results show that the average discharge voltage increases while its average discharge current decreases according to the increasing of the filament current. On the Contrary the average discharge voltage decrease nearly exponentially whiles its average discharge current increases according to increasing of the gas pressure. Degree of ionization starts to increase from low pressure to medium and then tends to decrease toward high pressure investigated. However it starts to increase to maximum value at filament current 0.9A then tends to decrease at higher current and low pressure. While for high pressures there is no significance change. Ion temperature increases slowly with filament current up to 0.9A and then sharply increases to maximum value at 1.5A. But it decreases for pressures in the range 0.05 - 0.09 mbar and then increases with gas pressure. Electron energy distribution function (EEDFs) decrease according to increases filament current, however, it starts to increase from low pressure to maximum value at medium pressure then tends to increase according to further increases of pressure.
Hot Cathode, Hollow Anode, Argon Glow Discharge, Single Probe, Plasma Parameters, MATLAB Program
To cite this article
Sh. Kh. Al-Hakary, Effect of Pressure and Hot Filament Cathode on Some Plasma Parameters of Hollow Anode Argon Glow Discharge Plasma, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2016, pp. 30-38. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20160503.12
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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